Application of Electrical Substation, Ring Topology versus Star Topology


In order to solve the problem of analyzing network performance of SCADA (Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition) system communication of power grid in effective and practical way, this paper proposes to change the star topology with ring topology, specifically method rapid spanning tree protocol (RSTP), in an electrical substation.
The paper discusses about SCADA architecture, main equipment like remote terminal unit, intelligent electronic device, server, server network time protocol, HMI (human
machine interface), router and their role in the electrical substation. Also, the levels of the command hierarchy in the SCADA system are discussed. Each level has certain tasks
set for the optimization and reliability of the electrical substation. The data flow describes the types of information that are transmitted between hierarchical levels. In the last
part the paper the topologies of the system are described.